Araştırma Makalesi (Research Article)

The Determination of Restorative Experiential Qualities and Design Attributes Because of Revealed to Recuperative Effects of Psychiatric Hospital Gardens


Kastamonu Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Peyzaj Mimarlığı Bölümü


Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Peyzaj Mimarlığı Bölümü

FORESTIST 2013; 63: 21-32
DOI: 10.17099/jffiu.61094
Read: 735 Downloads: 458 Published: 23 December 2019

Psychiatric hospital gardens should be designed as Open Space Therapy Units to provide contributions on treatment process. However assessment of recuperative effects of these units on patients is not easy. The researchers state that so many resources (Ulrich, 1999), elements (Marcus and Barnes, 1999), factors (Kaplan and Kaplan, 1989), patterns (Kaplan et all, 1998), and components should be in these areas. The theories of Ulrich (four resources), the Kaplan’s (factors and patterns) and Marcus and Barnes (elements) are summarized by three restorative experiential qualities (sensory stimulation, movement and control) by help of litterateur in this research. Four landscape design attributes (enclosure, water, spatial configuration and materiality) are identified to the restorative experiential qualities found in these areas. In addition, it is explored the connections between these four design attributes and the three restorative experiential qualities in this research. Thus, this study could be used for determining the effectiveness extends of an open area for being a therapy unit. And for demanding an open area therapy unit, which should include necessary landspace design attributes and experiential qualities and properties.

EISSN 2602-4039