FORESTIST
Original Article

Determining Density in the Historical Region with Space Syntax Analysis, Erzurum City Center Example

1.

Department of Archaeology, Atatürk University, Faculty of Letters, Erzurum, Turkey

FORESTIST 2022; 72: 299-312
DOI: 10.5152/forestist.2022.21045
Read: 319 Downloads: 156 Published: 22 June 2022

The phenomenon of the expansion of cities due to population growth contributes to the shaping of the spaces they host and, in this way, to the differentiation of the urban fabric. With the expanding new cities, the accessibility of the old city can be affected in this process. Historical city centers, which have an important place in the development of the city, can form a source for the planned urban area design later on, by forming physical integrity with the existing texture and determining the urban spatial analysis methods, and it provides an opportunity to compare the old and new texture. The focus of this research is to determine the change of the route of the historical places in Erzurum City Center by comparing the present and past accessibility and integration depending on the expansion of the city. As a result of the spatial analysis made within the scope of the study, the integration of Ayaz Paşa (integration value 1124.5) and Menderes Avenues (1165.1), located at the intersection of Rüstem Paşa covered bazaar, which is important in the historically built area of the city, was found to be high. It is seen that the place, which has been a valuable commercial structure in the past and today, still has not lost its feature. The integration value of the inner core city wall area in the old Erzurum city center was found to be quite low. This situation clearly revealed how isolated and sheltered the inner city walls are. Again, it has been clearly emphasized that today’s axes with high integration such as Cumhuriyet Caddesi (1215.0) and Menderes Caddesi have high integration like the axes that existed in the same places in the past and that they are especially lines that connect the historical built environment. It has been shown that expansion in this way affects accessibility positively while changing the spatial structure within the old city.

Cite this article as: Has, A. C. (2022). Determining density in the historical region with space syntax analysis, Erzurum city center example. Forestist, 72(3), 299-312.

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